Fungal infection, Symptoms, Treatment, Infomation.
Several types of fungi can cause inflectional illnesses. In fact, fungi are germs that may live on people’s skin, on food, in the soil, and in other places. But, some certain kinds of them develop and multiply on skin, calling out different types of infections on different parts of our skin. Most frequently, they appear on nails, toes, skin, mouth, and vagina. Scientists know many types of fungus that may develop and cause serious problems. One of the most frequently popping up types is tinea family. It starts infection diseases on skin and nails. Mouth and vaginal infections appear as a result of candida multiplication which is a yeast.
It is not a rare phenomenon for people to get such inflectional illnesses. Usually, appearing on skin, nails, or other places, these infections do not pass into deeper layers of skin or get to internal organs of the body. It is enough to apply certain antifungal preparations (serums, creams, shampoos, injections, drugs or ointments) that will help eliminate the problem.
Fungal Infection Diseases
There are many health issues that appear as a result of fungi’s spreading on the surface of the body. Some of them are joined into one big group called tinea infections. It includes such illnesses as ringworm, jock itch, and athlete’s foot.
Ringworm also called dermatophytosis is a skin infection that looks like red patches that cover the skin. It may affect both people and animals. Ringworm may spread further if not treated. The sign of this infection isredness of skin with itching, raised scaly patches that may cause blisters. Usually, they have more intense coloration on edges (forming the ring) than in the middle. If your nails are infected, they usually lose their color and become thicker. On the scalp, infection causes hair loss on the infected spots.
Jock itch is a common rash of a groin. The most frequent symptoms include itching, odor, red rush, and even pain. It appears in older adults and usually strikes men more often than women. Fortunately, this infection is not very serious and is easily treatable with proper medications such as Sporanox or Nizoral.
The athlete’s foot is a contagious inflectional disease that affects skin on feet. The problem often appears after walking without footwear in public places such as bathrooms, hotel showers,pools, or other locations with moisture and heat. The disease has got its name from the fact that athletes suffer from it most commonly. Treatment complications may appear if your immune system is not strong enough at the moment. Symptoms of the athlete’s foot are as follows: itching and burning of toes or soles, itching blisters, dryness of skin, and abnormal states of toenails. Doctors usually recommend to take Grisactin to eliminate the problem.
Candida group yeasts cause such infection as Candidiasis. They appear on the part of the body that has moisture and most commonly, it is vagina. Another name of the disease is cutaneous candidiasis. In this state, a skin rash appears in the folds of our skin. This rash is always red and itchy, disturbing people and spreading to other parts of the body becoming wider.
Symptoms of this yeast cause skin illness - rash.
In some cases, it may even lead to cracks and sores. The treatment has a complex approach: using pharmaceutical products (for example, Diflucan) and having proper hygiene. Candidiasis may appear everywhere, but the most common places that it affects are armpits, zone between fingers and toes, under breast and in the groin area.
It is normal that a small amount of candidiasis family fungi lives on human’s skin. Uncontrollable development of these fungi leads to infection. There are several frequent reasons that may cause this type of infection. First of all it is lack of proper hygiene and wearing dirty clothes that absorb sweat and help developing of fungi on skin. Wearing too tight clothes that promote sweating and do not let skin to air may also cause this problem. Sometimes it shows up in patients that use antibiotics. This kind of medicine kills good bacteria that control Candida, giving place to infection. Any health issue or condition that weakens the organism may also lead to this particular disease. All people from very small to very old are in risk of becoming infected. Fortunately, it is not catchy; however, individuals that are exposed to the infection because of the mentioned above reasons may get it from those who already have it.
Here are some precautions that will help you avoid candidiasis: change damp clothes and socks as soon as possible, change the underwear every day, use as small amount of sugar as you can, keep your body and clothing clean and neat. If you have already got the infection, visit the doctor for prescription of Lamisil or any another antifungal medication available.
Psoriasis is another fungal illness that appears on the surface of elbows, knees, scalp, palms, or feet. It is very persistent and bothering. It appears when skin cells began to multiply much faster than they should and the layer of the dead skin on the surface increases, creating red plaques that are covered with white scales. It is not only irritating and itching; it also looks very unpleasant. Plaque psoriasis is the most frequently appearing type that affects skin surface and causes itching, pain, cracking, and even bleeding. To stop it you need some effective pharmaceutical product like Sporanox or Lamisil or another anti fungal medication. About one third of all people with psoriasis have also psoriaticarthritis that affects joints and makes them swell. This infection is very uncomfortable and it is really complicated to treat it. The signs on the skin may disappear and show up again during long periods of time, but with the help of proper anti fungal drugs you will be able to keep it under control.
Many women suffer from Colpitis Mycotica – a fungal disease of the vagina. It develops when the healthy vaginal flora is damaged and cannot fight the pathogens anymore. Usually, reasons of such illness are next: unsafe sexual relationship, poor personal hygiene, specific dysfunctions in the organism, using shower gel or fragrant soap, vaginal traumas, and congenital dysfunctions in vaginal flora.
Specialists have noticed that colpitis often appears during the menstruation or after it. It has several unpleasant symptoms and if you detect any of them, visit your health care provider. The symptoms are the following: pain in lower abdomen, signs of inflammation, painful feelings while having sex, itching, burning, or other unpleasant feelings. To treat this condition you will need special anti fungal medications such as Diflucan or Nizoral.
Another common infection is onychomycosis that strikes nails on hands and feet. It colors the nail into yellowish and usually has no other signs. Of course, the disease is quite visible and prevents people from social activity. There are various ointments and creams that help eliminate the problem.
These are main fungal diseases that may attack the surface of human’s body. There are also more complicated forms of fungal infections that appear inside of the body on internal organs.These illnessesare more dangerous and harder to treat.one of the kinds of fungi that cause such infections are fungi called Aspergillus. Thus, illnesses caused by them has a name aspergillosis. They can appear on bronchitis, lungs, liver, or kidney. People may become ill with allergic bronchopulmonary, pulmonary, or invasive aspergillosis.
This type of diseases usually appear when fungi get inside the organism through inhaling. Even though all people inhale them every day, not all of them get infected. The pathogen may develop if the organism of the patient is weakened by any other illness, medications, or some procedure (such as chemotherapy).
There are some signs of aspergillosis that may help detecting the problem. If passed to deeper layers or tissues, these fungi lead to extremely bad health conditions such as fever, delirium, blood clots, chills, and some other severe symptoms. Life-threatening signs of fungus ball in deep tissues include jaundice, kidney and liver failure, troubles with breathing. They may quickly cause death.
If Aspergillus enters the ear canal, a sick person may feel pain sometimes and itching. The serum may also drain from the infected ear during sleeping. If it enters lungs, the fungus ball may not even cause any symptoms. In this case, it can only be detected by means of special medical tools (such as the chest X-ray). If it reveals itself, it causes severe bleeding, coughing, fever, chest pain and inhaling issues. To treat such kind of fungal infection specialists use Liposomal, Voriconazole, and some other preparations. Doctors may also suggest using complex approached to treatment. The course of treatment can lasts for a long period of time, up to nine month.
One of the most severe and rare fungal diseases is fungal meningitis. Most frequently, it is called out by the Cryptocossus infection, but other fungi may also cause it in the organism. Obviously, fungal meningitis appears in brain. This disease is not contagious (cannot pass from one person to another). Entering the organism through breathing, these pathogens travel through it with blood to the central nervous system and thus enter the brain.
Who is in danger to get fungal meningitis? There are several risk factors that can cause it. First of all, it depends on the strength of your organism. If it is weakened by some factors, it will not be able to resist the infection. Pregnancy, HIV, cancer, other illnesses, and some other factors may open the organism for the pathogens. People who live in places where this kind of fungus is widely spread (mostly in Africa), also belong to the risk group.
Most common symptoms of this infection are headache, nausea, vomiting, photophobia, fever, mental agitation, and others. If you recognize any of these and know that you may belong to the risk group, visit the doctor immediately and pass through needed check-ups that include blood tests and cerebrospinal fluid examinations. This disease needs clinical help.
Treatment of Fungal Infection Diseases
It has been already mentioned that there are special anti fungal medications that help eliminate different illnesses of this kind. They may be in a form of pills for oral administration (Grisactin, for example). They may be gels, creams, injections, ointments, or have any other possible form. Sometimes active ingredients that fight the pathogens are added to powder and sprays as well. For example, to treat thrush in women doctors recommend using clotrimazole that is an active component in many ointments, creams, and pessaries.
Tablets are prescribed when local treatment with creams and sprays does not help and deeper effect is needed. The same purpose have injections. It is the doctor’s decision to select this kind of treatment. Get your prescription and start treatment with such anti fungal medications as Diflucan, Lamisil, or any others.
Sometimes it is easier to get infected with fungi than to get rid of this infection. Visit the doctor and start treatment as soon as you realize that you have some fungal disease.